Terminology for Drama:


1. Motivation
2. Objective
3. Characterization
4. Creativity
5. Concentration
6. Status
7. Conflict
8. Intent
9. Plot
10. Obstacle
11. GOTE (goal, other person, tactics, expectations)
12. Articulation
13. Pace
14. Pitch
15. Resonance
16. Volume
17. Movement
18. Emphasis
19. Monologue
20. Beat (action, obstacle, objective, inner image)

Term
Definition
improvisation
the portrayal of a character or a scene without rehearsal
spontaneity
naturalness
Illusion of the first time
to make the audience think that this is your first performance
scene-stealing
diverting attention from the other actors
character centered
approach focuses on a character or a group of characters who experience different situations one after another
situation centered
takes a single situation and places a number of characters into the the situation to demonstrate how different personalities will respond to the same event
pantomime
acting without words
nonverbal communication
communicating without words
crossing
moving from one place onstage to another
gesture
the movements of any body part to help express an idea or an emotion
kinesthesis
the neuro-muscular awareness the body feels in a particular physical position
mime
an offspring of pantomime that conveys abstract ideas
inclination
the bending of the body to the front, side, or rear
rotation
the turning or pivoting of a part of the side or the rear
isolation
separates parts of the body for individual development and expression
quality
the individual sound of your particular voice
resonance
the vibrant tone produced when sound waves strike the chambers of the throat, head, nose, and mouth
nasality
when vowel sounds are diverted from the oral cavity into the nasal cavities, cutting down resonance and leaving the voice flat
inflection
makes the voice musical and interesting
monotone
from speaking continuously on one level
volume
the relative strength, force, or intensity which a sound is made
rate
the speed at which words are spoken
diction
refers to the selection and pronunciation of words and their combination in speech
schwa
the vowel sound
voiceless
if there isnt a vibration in the vocal folds
voices
if there is a vibration in the vocal folds
pronunciation
the correct vowel and consonant sounds in words and placing the accent on the proper syllables
ad-lib
to improvise stage business
at rise
who and what are onstage when the curtain opens
backstage
the area behind the set
bit
an acting role with very few lines
blocking yourself
getting behind furniture so that you can not be seen by the audience
building a scene
using dramatic devices to bring the scene to the climax
business
any specific action preformed on the stage
countercross
a movement in a direction opposite to a cross to balance the stage picture
cover
to obstruct the view of the audience
cue
a stage signal
curtain
the curtain that drops at the end of the show
cut
to stop action
cut in
to break into the speech of another actor
downstage
the part of the stage towards the audience
dressing the stage
placing furniture, keeping the stage picture balance during the action
enter
to move onto stage
exit
to leave the stage
feeding
giving lines in such a way that another actor can make a point to laugh or make a point
foil
an acting role that is used for personality comparison
hand props
items that a main character uses....hammer, phone ect.
hit
to emphasize a word or line for extra focus
holding for laughs
waiting for the audience to quite down after a funny line
leading center
a body part or feature used by an actor to lead movements , often used to show a characters personality
left and right
terms used to refer to the stage from an actors point of view
master gesture
a distinctive action that serves as a clue to a character's personality
milk
to draw maximum response from the audience from comic lines
offstage
off the visible stage
onstage
on the visible stage
overlap
to speak when someone else is speaking
pace
the movement of the play as it progresses
personal props
small props that are usually carried in an actors costume
places
the stage command the actors to take their positions at the opening of an act
plot
to plan stage business
pointing lines
emphasizing an idea
principals
the main characters in a play
props
all the stage furnishing
ring up
to raise the curtain
role scoring
the analysis of a character
scripting
the marking of one script for a character
set
the scenery for an act
set props
props placed onstage for the use of actors
sides
half-sheet pages of a script that contains the lines, cues, and business for one character
stealing a scene
attracting attention from the person to whom the audience's interest legitimately belongs
subtext
the unstated or between the lines meaning that an actor must draw from the script
tag line
the last speech in an act or a play
taking the stage
giving an actor freedom to move over the entire stage
temp
the speed ay which the action of a play movies along
timing
the execution of a line or piece of business at a specific moment to achieve the most telling effect
top
to make line stronger than the or lines preceding it by speaking at a higher pitch.
upstage
area on stage away from the audience
upstaging
improperly taking attention from an actor who should be the focus of interst
walk-on
a small acting part
warn
to notify of an upcoming action or cue
emotion acting
actors play their parts in such a way that they actually weep emotionally in front of the audience
technical acting
performance is based on acting technique, an actor analyzes the plays structure and the personalities of the characters
leading roles
the main character
protagonist
one who must solve the problem
antagonist
who opposes the goals of the protagonist
juvenile
young male lead
ingenue
young female lead
principals
the leads
supporting roles
the challenge of a role lies in the type of person to be portrayed.
straight parts
resemble in appearance and personality the characters the playwright had in mind
character part
always include some distinguished trait or personality type
type casting
casting someone over and over again in the same kind of role
pause
a stop
versatility
the ability to change style with ease
primary source
the individual
secondary source
the books that you read to help shed light in your character
body language
nonverbal communication
master gesture
a distinctive action that serves as a clue to a characters personality
leading center
a part in the body that leads movements
cheat out
when he or she pivots the torso and turns face toward the audiece
giving the scene
when you turn toward the other actor
turning the scene in
when they shift their body's upstage
share a scene
equally with another actor when you stand parallel to each other
knap
slapping sound
inflections
rising, faling, sustained, and circumflex
rising
used to indicate surprise or shock
falling
indicates the end of a statement
sustained
staying on the same note
circumflex
two or moe vowel sounds for what ordinarily is a single vowel sound
substitution
technique to portray an emotion
producer
a person who can envision the end product and be actively involved with the production as it takes place
director
responsible for creating a team that will work toward a common goal
critiques
the communication is accomplished is rehearsal and through oral, written, or taped notes
assistant director
a student who serves as a liaison between the director and the cast crew
prompter
person who attended every rehearsal and can ask any question
scenic designer
settings, costumes, makeup, and lighting
technical director
costumes and lighting. props
stage manager
takes charge backstage during rehearsals
grips
people who move the scenery
properties chief
acquiring furniture and props that fit the designers plan storing them and preparing a prop table and giving hand props to actors backstage
business manager
the responsibility of financial arrangements
publicity manager
person who promotes the show in school or public
house manager
person who makes sure the physical comfort of the audience members and smooth admission and intermission periods
warn cue
advises the stage manager of an entrance, a sound effect, or a lighting change
callbacks
auditions to read again from the script
resume
a picture of you
reading rehearsal
the first one
blocking rehearsal
the movement on stage business are worked out
working rehearsal
words and actions are put together
bridging
adding words before the difficult ones
polishing rehearsal
lines memorized and action set, all phases of the production can be brought together in an artistic whole
technical rehearsal
every crew member and actor must get their materials organized and preformance duties clearly in mind

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